The EU dangers changing into a “centrally managed organism run by establishments disadvantaged of democratic management”, Poland’s prime minister has warned amid an escalating battle over the rule of regulation between Warsaw and Brussels.
In a letter to EU heads of presidency printed on Monday, Mateusz Morawiecki insisted Poland remained “a loyal member” of the union, which it joined in 2004. However he warned towards penalising member states financially — because the fee is contemplating doing in its stand-off with Poland — and mentioned that EU establishments exceeding their energy was “harmful to the continuation” of the union.
The Polish prime minister was writing forward of an appearance on Tuesday earlier than the European Parliament in Strasbourg at which he’s anticipated to reiterate his defence of Poland’s dealing with of rule-of-law points. Ursula von der Leyen, the European Fee president, is because of converse in the identical debate.
Warsaw and Brussels have spent a lot of the previous 5 years at odds over adjustments by Poland’s ruling Regulation and Justice occasion (PiS) that give politicians sweeping powers over the judiciary, and which the fee regards as posing a basic risk to judicial independence.
In current weeks, these tensions have hit a new level after the Polish constitutional courtroom ruled that key components of EU regulation should not appropriate with the Polish structure, issuing a direct problem to the EU’s authorized order, and sparking questions on Poland’s long-term position within the bloc.
“Sadly, at the moment we are coping with a really harmful phenomenon whereby numerous European Union establishments usurp powers they don’t have underneath the treaties and impose their will on member states,” Morawiecki wrote within the letter.
“That is notably evident at the moment as monetary instruments are getting used for such a objective. With none authorized foundation, there’s an try and power member states to do what the establishments of the union inform them to do — no matter any authorized foundation for imposing such calls for. Such a apply can’t be accepted. ”
Morawiecki’s letter and his speech to a chamber of what’s going to in all probability be principally hostile lawmakers on Tuesday are a response to what one Polish official mentioned was “the language of open blackmail” from these calling for monetary penalties towards Warsaw.
“We’re handled unfairly. [He] will defend rules and Poland’s standing within the EU,” the official mentioned. “It’s as much as our opponents the way it will go.”
In an indication of the hardline temper in Warsaw, Poland’s justice minister, Zbigniew Ziobro, mentioned on Monday that he would ask the federal government to submit a request to the ECJ to evaluate the independence of Germany’s judges.
“For the reason that EU relies on the equality of all its states and residents, it’s essential to assess the scenario in Germany, the place the selection of judges to their equal of the supreme courtroom is of a very political nature,” he wrote on Twitter.
“If EU establishments are casting doubt on the independence of judges in Poland, what’s there to say about German judges[?]”
The fee has quite a lot of instruments at its disposal because it seeks to carry the road on rule-of-law issues. These embrace bringing a brand new infringement motion over the Polish tribunal ruling. It has additionally so far withheld approval of Poland’s €36bn bid for EU restoration fund cash, which Warsaw submitted in early Could.
Brussels can be debating when to take preliminary steps in deploying a brand new conditionality mechanism allowing the fee to withhold funding to member states the place breaches of the rule of regulation have an effect on the finances or monetary pursuits of the union.
The parliament’s authorized affairs committee final week recommended that the fee be taken to courtroom for failing to behave regardless of a number of alleged rule-of-law violations.
Rasmus Andresen, a German Inexperienced MEP, mentioned the fee’s strategy had been “fairly disappointing”, as he known as for von der Leyen to transcend “robust phrases” on Tuesday. “We have to see a harder line,” he mentioned. “The fee has already waited too lengthy. Now it’s time to act.”